Fine-tuning temperature

Discussion in 'Fine Tuning Temperatures' started by Administrator, Nov 2, 2004.

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  1. Administrator

    Administrator Administrator

    *Info provided by Hicountry2*

    Fine-tuning temperature and water for maximum quantity and quality.

    Why waste light and electricity growing stem? Stretched-out plants are the bane of indoor growers. There are several ways to reduce internodal length and thus grow denser, more efficient buds.

    tight internodes
    Temperature control

    The easiest and most under-used way to control internodal stretch is temperature control. Plant internodal length is directly related to the difference between day and night temperatures ? the warmer your day cycle is as compared to your night cycle, the greater your internode length will be. The opposite also holds true; the closer your day and night temperatures, the shorter your internodes will be. Ever notice how as the warmer summer months approach, your plants begin to stretch? Part of this problem may lie in an overall hotter grow-room, but a larger factor is the increased difference between day and night temperatures.

    Lets look at putting this to play in your grow room. Maximum temperatures should ideally never rise above 26°C (79°F), so you must do everything you can to prevent your room getting too hot (run lights at night, use exhaust fans, air conditioners, etc). An ideal temperature range is 24-25°C (75-77°F) when the lights are on, and 22°C (72°F) when the lights are off.

    The temperature technique is most effective under a 12/12 light regime, which is ideal as this is when cannabis stretches the most. When the light cycle is brought to 12/12 we will raise the night temperature to the daytime level of 24-25°C (75-77°F). Space heaters on timers work well for this, and max/min type thermometers are ideal for
    tracking temperatures.

    It is during the first 2-3 weeks of the flower cycle that most strains begin to lengthen internodes, making it a very important time to control temperature, as this is when the framework for future colas is built. After this 2-3 week window we need to drop the night temperature back down to 22°C (72°F), as this is where the plant is happiest.

    long internodes
    As floral development begins we need to keep in mind that the total size of your buds is determined largely by average daily temperature, provided it does not exceed optimal. So if you are letting your day temperatures drop below 24°C (75°F) or your night drop below 22°C (72°F), you are costing yourself in overall weight and harvest.

    Once your buds have reached optimal size and and you have begun the flushing period, you may consider dropping temperature down to 17-19°C (63-66°F) for the final week or two. This drop in temperature triggers anthocyanin production, which intensifies the colour of the floral clusters and makes for a showier bud, especially with purple varieties. This final temperature change is not always feasible and can be omitted.

    For extreme height control you may even use warmer night temperature than day, but be very careful when running settings like this, as even a zero difference between night and day temperatures will lead to leaf chlorosis (yellowing) after 2-3 weeks.

    Some things you will notice while using this technique are a change in the leaf angle, upwards during warm days and downwards during warm nights. There is also the chlorosis if this is done for too long. Neither of these symptoms is nutrient related and will fix themselves when the temperature is changed back.
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